Mapalana Falls is the fourth highest waterfall in Sri Lanka and the highest waterfall in the Rathnapura District. Mapalana Falls is located in the Rathnapura Divisional Secretariat Division of the Rathnapura District and is 141m high. Mapalana Falls consists of three parts.
If you are visiting Mapalana Falls, take 22 km along the Rathnapura – Siripagama road and take the Mapalana Falls 2km from the Palabaddala Mahawatta junction to reach Mapalana Falls.
Mapalana Falls is formed at a place called Elle Oya Kondagala, which starts from the 1868m high Bena Samanala mountain and is located on the right side of the Adams peak. Mapalana Falls is a unique creation of nature and a very valuable ecosystem. Falling rock is composed of rocks that are resistant to soil erosion. This area is home to a large number of animals and plants endemic to Sri Lanka.
The area is rich in medicinal plants such as Badulla, Kotasimbula, Lavania, Hora, Kelaniya, Venivelgeta, Asparagus, Gonu Ke Wel, Nelu, Rahanelu, Manuga, Kalanuga and also herbs such as Muguna, Pelanga, Thelabo and Katakeliya. Animals such as deer, Elke, sand deer, parrot, squirrel, rhinoceros, wild boar, hare and seagull are also found in the area. There are also reptiles such as bloodsuckers, squirrels, hawksbills, cobras, telissa and cobras, as well as highly venomous spiders and caterpillars. Oysters are also commonly found in association with rocks.
According to the legends, Mapa naa Falls, Mapalana Falls and later Malalan Falls are said to have been established due to their ease of use. It is a custom associated with the villagers to perform rituals during times of severe drought. Mapalana Falls, which takes a very dangerous form during the rainy season, has a rapid increase in water flow. But this is a great resource hydrologically.
At present, hydropower plants have been set up in the vicinity of this waterfall. It will further strengthen the national grid. All this eventually joins the Mapalana Oya Kaluganga.
Also, make sure that you do not leave your trash in this place when you visit. Because at present the nature and aesthetics of Mapalana Falls are somewhat polluted.
The water here increases during the rainy season and when it rains on the butterfly site, so be careful about your safety while bathing.